Bourke

Bourke
I.
/bɜk/ (say berk)

noun
Sir Richard, 1777–1855, Irish-born British army officer and administrator; governor of NSW 1831–37.
Richard Bourke sought administrative appointments after retiring from the army. As governor of NSW he introduced a number of liberal reforms and established civil government in present-day Victoria (still then part of NSW). He also advocated the introduction of partly elective legislatures and tried to establish a system of state-controlled public education, but failed in both endeavours. When Bourke's suspension of treasurer CD Riddell, who belonged to the faction opposing him, was not upheld, he resigned and left NSW in 1837. He declined further offers of governorships and retired to Ireland.
II.
/bɜk/ (say berk)

noun
1. a town and shire in north-western NSW, on the Darling River; a wool railhead. Formerly, Eighteen Mile Point, Fort Bourke.
phrase
2. the back of Bourke, Colloquial any remote place, especially in the outback: the city or the back of Bourke. {Phrase Origin: Australian English (1890s); the town of Bourke being long regarded as standing on the edge of the outback, which is said to stretch away inland from the western bank of the Darling}
{named after Sir Richard Bourke1}
A stockade was built at Fort Bourke in 1835, on lands traditionally inhabited by the Wangaaypuwan and Barranbinya peoples, and pastoralists began to move into the area in the 1840s. The town of Bourke began to develop after the arrival of the first paddle-steamer in 1859, and by the 1870s it had become a commercial centre and major inland port serving the upper Darling River and its sheep runs. River trade began to decline after the railway opened in 1885 and took over the transport of wool. Since the introduction of drip irrigation in the 1980s, fruit and cotton industries have also been established in the area.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

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  • Bourke — [ bɜrk ] (out the) back o Bourke AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL in the country, a long way from any town or city …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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  • Bourke — ▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, north central New South Wales, Australia, on the Darling River. It originated from a stockade built in 1835 by Sir Thomas Mitchell as a defense against Aborigines and was named after Governor Sir Richard… …   Universalium

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  • Bourke — This ancient and aristocratic English and Norman Irish surname was first held by Burhred, the king of West Mercia, England, 852 874, and several centuries later by the original earls of Ulster and Clanricarde in Ireland. The surname is recorded… …   Surnames reference


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